A metal building must meet all the same building code requirements as a building constructed from any other material. However, the Energy Code singles out metal buildings as a separate category in numerous places. Most notably, the insulation requirements are different for metal buildings. Metal is an excellent conductor, meaning: NOT a good insulator unlike wood.
Metal buildings without proper insulation can quickly become too hot or too cold. Because metal is such an excellent conductor, it is not great at keeping the outside temperature out. Occupants or sensitive contents could be endangered or damaged from exposure to extreme temperatures. Plus, huge amounts of energy can be used trying to keep an uninsulated metal building comfortable.
Energy codes are essentially standards for how your building needs to be constructed and operated in order to conserve or use energy. These codes are put in place so that buildings are built in a way that is not wasteful. Essentially, the goal is to be environmentally conscious. However, there is something in it for the builder as well. Because if you build in a way that conserves energy, you will find less money is wasted on your electricity and heating bills.
In This Article
In this article, we’re going over the relevant Energy Codes that may effect you as it pertains to metal buildings. We will examine what these codes are, why they were put in place, and how you can become informed on which ones you need to consider for code compliance in your upcoming building project.
Understanding these codes is vital in order to undertake a construction project legally. Knowing the code requirements for your steel building is quite the important early step before you get construction underway.
Let’s take a look at what the model Energy Code is and how it affects your new metal building.
What’s in this guide?
The Energy Code
The Energy codes were developed in the 1970’s in response to the energy crisis and continue to be developed, usually recommending increasingly higher energy-conservation standards.
These codes were developed in order to provide a standard set of guidelines to residential and commercial building projects so that they are built to conserve energy. Not only does this help to conserve energy overall, but it also helps to simplify the building process by providing contractors with a standard set of rules and guidelines for developing energy conserving projects.
Because these codes are made into law across the nation, residential and commercial buildings are projected to save about $40 billion dollars per year in energy costs over the next 30 years.
What is the Energy Code?
The main model code (a standard code that is developed for states to adopt with or without modifications) is the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC).
The IECC sets forth requirements for building design, materials, and performance related to energy efficiency. Many of the IECC standards come from the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE).
In 2009, the congress mandated that all states must comply, at a minimum, with the ASHRAE Energy Standard for Buildings (section 90.1).
What does the Code Cover?
Codes cover every aspect of your building that affects energy use—walls, roofing, windows and doors, panels, insulation, heating and air conditioning systems, power and lighting systems, water heating systems, ventilation, and even air leakage—all have standards that must be met.
There is almost no getting out of meeting IECC requirements. Your building must meet the energy codes in nearly every circumstance, including:
- New buildings,
- Additions to existing buildings,
- Alterations to existing buildings
- Replacement of portions of existing buildings, and
- Changes in space conditioning (example: unheated area to be heated)
In the codes, regional climates are separated into zones (0-8, with 8 being the coldest). Your zone and what type of building determine the energy performance requirements you must meet.
Can I Deviate from the Code?
The IECC lists mandatory requirements. But they do offer different ways of meeting those requirements. For instance, your building can be designed to meet energy requirements by either:
- Building exactly per the code (or better),
- Trading off higher performance in one area for lower performance in another,
- Using a computer simulation to show that the alternative design meets the standard, or
- Demonstrating that a system meets the standard by building and testing a model of it.
- To get a building permit, you will need to prove that your building meets the energy code requirements in one or more of these ways. They are designed to be flexible for a reason. It is understood that no building project is the same, so allowing this leeway allows people to still have creativity over their construction projects.